History

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Memoirs of Fr Antoni Marchewka

The book entitled ‘«Nadejdzie kiedys dzien wolnosci». Wspomnienia’ [«The day of freedom will come some day». Recollections] by Fr Antoni Marchewka, the third editor-in-chief of ‘Niedziela’ in the years 1945-53, published in the series of the Library of Niedziela, is available in bookstores. »

The death march from Minsk to Chervyen

Zbigniew Sulatycki

Let us remind and warn next generations of another Katyn, an almost unknown case of Polish people’s martyrology. The unexpected and sudden Hitler’s attack against the Soviet ally on 22 June 1941 completed surprised Stalin and the Soviet Communist Party of Bolsheviks. »

‘Radio Solidarnosc’

Mateusz Wyrwich

When 25 years ago, on Easter Monday during the martial law, a group consisting of several people broadcast their first programme of the underground Solidarity radio the communists were furious. The underground activists broke the communists’ monopoly for radio information. »

There would be no freedom without them

Milena Kindziuk talks to Mateusz Wyrwich, a specialist in political relationships and the author of the book 'Kapelani Solidarnosci' [Chaplains of Solidarity Movement]

Golden chapter in the history of the Visitation of Our Lady of Jasna Gora

Zachariasz Jablonski, OSPPE

The Golden Jubilee, fifty years of the Visitation, fifty years of the Mystery of Salvation - these are not only material, empirical events or even only spiritual and intellectual events. Let us look at them as some whole, analysing particular stages of the Visitation. »

True picture of Pius XII

Wlodzimierz Redzioch talks to Andrea Tornielli, the author of the latest bibliography of Pius XII.

Forgotten graves of the insurgents

Andrzej Tarwid

The insurgents of the Warsaw Uprising, whose heroic deeds could be reconstructed on the basis of historical documents, were buried in neglected graves. »

An episode from the Warsaw Rising

Mateusz Wyrwich

The seizure of the Polish Security Printing Works (PWPW) played a key role in the course of the Warsaw Rising. Thanks to that victory the Polish forces could enter the old town (Stare Miasto). And they had excellent provisions, captured in the Works, which would last for a several day fight. »

How do foreign historians see Poland?

Agnieszka Konik-Korn talks to Prof. Dr. Andrzej Chwalba, Chairman of the Organisational Committee of the Congress.

Foreign scholars of Polish history can write very good books on our history. Looking at our country from a different perspective they see it as belonging to certain circle of civilisation, they stress our fight for independence, martyrology as well as the significance of freedom and sovereignty. »

They gave up their lives

Wlodzimierz Redzioch talks to Mateusz Szpytma, historian, employed at the Institute of National Remembrance.

63 years ago in Markowa, the Ulma family - Jozef and Wiktoria together with their children: Stasia, Basia, Wladziu, Franus, Antos, Marysia and unborn child, were murdered for having hidden Jews by the Germans. The Ulmas were awarded the medal of the Righteous Among the Nations.' Their beautification process began in 2003. »

Polish village on the Bosporus

Anna Wyszynska

This place has become an oasis for the Polish insurrectionists who were dispersed in the East. It was named Adampol, after its founder Duke Adam Czartoryski. Formerly, people used to speak about it as 'Soplicowo on the Bosporus'. Today, Polonezköy is inhabited by several dozen Polish families that have kept the Polish language and maintained connections with their homeland. »

Poland at the edge of an abyss

Piotr Chmielinski

On 13 December 1981 the programme 'Teleranek' [TV Morning] was not broadcast. Instead children could see the tanks from their windows and they could watch General Jaruzelski who threatened that Poland was at the edge of an abyss. »

Opposition in PRL

Leszek Cichoblazinski talks to Prof. Dr. Andrzej Chwalba, historian at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow.

We are deeply convinced that after World War II Poland was the only country where there was an anti-communist opposition. Lithuanians, Latvians, Hungarians are of different opinion. However, the phenomenon of 'Solidarity' could have happened only in our country. »

The Establishment of the Third Republic of Poland

Leszek Cichoblazinski talks to Prof. Dr. Andrzej Chwalba, historian at the Jagiellonian University, Krakow.

The communist system would fall anyway, but John Paul II speeded up that fall to a considerable extent... people straightened up, felt confident and stopped being afraid. »

What was it like?

Leszek Cichoblazinski talks to Prof. Dr. Andrzej Chwalba.

After the disastrous war, in 1950 the economic development of Poland and of Italy was almost the same. Portugal, Greece and Spain were far behind. In Poland General Jaruzelski was only outdistanced by Romania as far as poverty of the country was concerned. Even the Soviet republics, such as Ukraine and Byerussia, had better economy than we did. The communist system destroyed our civilization. »

Editor: Tygodnik Katolicki "Niedziela", ul. 3 Maja 12, 42-200 Czestochowa, Polska
Editor-in-chief: Lidia Dudkiewicz • Translation: Aneta Amrozik • E-mail: redakcja@niedziela.pl